Reregulation of China’s rare earth production and export

rare earth mining
rare earth mining

I have published an article on China’s rare earth industry reregulation in the peer-reviewed journal International Journal of Emerging Markets. You can find the full text of the article in the link below:

He, Y. (2014). Reregulation of China’s rare earth production and export. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 9(2), 236–256. doi:10.1108/IJoEM-09-2012-0117

I have only copied the abstract here, since the journal retains copyright to the article. A full text of the article can be downloaded from the ResearchGate:

Reregulation of China’s rare earth production and export



Rare earths are essential materials for many high-tech industries critical to both economic development and national defense. China, the world’s dominant supplier of rare earths, has recently been imposing stricter controls over its production and export. The purpose of this paper is to examine the domestic roots of the changes in China’s rare earth industry production and exports in its three-decade rise to the current global monopoly.


This paper adopts the historical institutionalism approach to analyze the trajectory of industry and trade development. The author analyzes data collected from government whitepapers and reputed scholarly and news sources.


This paper argues that the Chinese rare earth industry has gone through three periods of development, in which the state attempted to control the market and industry through reformulating rules and institutions to achieve state goals. Domestic state institutions, combined with macroeconomic environment and state governance strategy shaped the three-decade experience of rare earth industry and trade development in China.


This paper builds on existing findings about Chinese state regulations to provide a novel analytical framework to analyze the role of the state in industry and trade development in the rare earth industry. The focus on a single strategic industry seldom studied in the current literature also provides ample empirical value to further scholarly understanding about this industry.

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